Philadelphia, country’s former capital, provides many historic sites to learn from

PHILADELPHIA, Pa. — In August, I visited this city to see the historic landmarks and museums. After all, it was our country’s capital at one point in time.

The first day in Philadelphia my mom and I went to see the famous Liberty Bell, a symbol of American independence. The Liberty Bell was brought to Philadelphia from Great Britain in 1752. Unfortunately, the bell cracked on its first test ring because of the brittle material it was made of. It is made of bronze, a mixture of copper, tin and small amounts of lead, gold, arsenic, silver and zinc. The bell weighs 2,080 pounds and measures 12 feet in circumference. Two local craftsman, John Pass and John Stow, repaired the bell by melting it down and recasting a new bell.

The original name of the Liberty Bell was the State House Bell because it was placed in the steeple of the state house and was usually rung at the beginning of a congressional meeting. After a few years when the British army invaded, the Liberty Bell was moved to an old church but was transferred back when the British left. Later, the name was changed to Liberty Bell by abolitionists as it reminded people that every person has the right to liberty. The bell developed a second crack in 1840s and was silenced forever.

I also visited Independence Hall, where the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution were signed; National Constitution Center, Thomas Jefferson Exhibition Hall, the First National Bank and Benjamin Franklin’s house.

Overall, this was an amazing educational trip to Philadelphia. I suggest this can be a great field trip for fourth and fifth graders to revise the facts about American History.